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CASE STUDY: The greener revolution – Harnessing the benefits of agroecology

The greener revolution

Location: Seven project areas in Jharkhand, West Bengal and Rajasthan (India), Chitwan (Central Nepal Region), and Chittagong Hill Tracts (Bangladesh)

Aim of program: To improve production and market access for small-scale farmers in marginalized areas by following agroecological principles and diversifying production and nutrition over the long term

Food shortages in the 1960s led the governments of India and neighboring countries to introduce ‘Green Revolution’ techniques. The rampant use of chemical fertilizers had major consequences on productivity, including a dramatic decrease in soil quality and fertilizer efficiency, erosion of water aquifers, and pest infestations in crops. Small-scale farmers owning less than a hectare of land each were hit hardest by the fallout of the Green Revolution.

Farmers quickly found that they were unable to pay for expensive seeds and fertilizers, leading them to sell off or lease out land to large-scale commercial farmers. Bhoomika’s Sustainable Integrated Farming Systems (SIFS) are one potential way to alleviate the negative effects of the Green Revolution. The system encourages small-scale farmers all over India to contribute their knowledge of indigenous farming practices to a centralized system and communicate the challenges they faced as a result of the revolution.

Sustainable Integrated Farming System: Strategy

 

Impact

Ecology

Crop diversification

Society and Culture

Women are rarely acknowledged for their contributions to the male-centric farming sector in India – individuals like Sonja Devi are changing this mindset through the adoption of agroecological farming methods. At Bhoomika’s Farmer Field School, she was taught energy-efficient farming methods

Farmers use indigenous farm practices to find effective local solutions and increase social cohesion through sharing knowledge with fellow farmers

Economy

Bhoomika supports small holder farmers in capacity building, designing organic farming systems based on available resources and a combination of techniques (soil water conservation, cropping sequence management etc.) and facilitating market access. Farmers start cooperatives to process, certify, market and distribute their produce together through common facility centres (CFC). Bhoomika empowers farmers, brings all stakeholders together and thus promotes clean, green and fair farming. Join India’s small holder farmers sustainable food movement, participate in our events, volunteer at our street vendors and learn more about Bhoomika’s sustainable and fair value chains.

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